When AI comes about it will be colored by the creators. Data used to train and techniques for replicating traits we associate with intelligence will encode the culture and philosophy into the AI. In that way, we will likely have an “American AI” that is significantly different to AI created elsewhere in the world.
Listen to Genevieve Bell discussing the fourth industrial revolution (AI) on the Long Now podcast.
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It’s almost inevitable that, after an initial research phase, progress of AI models and tools will come from open source communities rather than a corporation. Individuals can utilize fair-use to do things businesses can not do (e.g. using leaked LLaMa weights and fine tuning it). There are more people to work on fringe usecases that do not have to be commercialized. Finally, open source increases access (running 13B LLMs on a laptop, on a Raspberry Pi) allowing more people to try it and provide more feedback.
Human Intelligence Is a Special Case of Artificial Intelligence
There is every evidence that intelligence can be embodied materially. Our intelligence and mind comes from matter. We know the rules that govern matter sufficiently well. We can even build and represent complex systems inside computers.