Macro level processes altering micro level processes by changing constraints. For example, thoughts and memories alter the strength of connections in the brain via gene regulation which alters the physical constraints of ions/electrons (synapses). In this way there is a ‘downward causal effect’ where thoughts alters the constraints of the physics that govern the flow of electrons.
- From chaos to free will essay from George Ellis which introduces this term to argue that free will exists.
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Human Intelligence Is a Special Case of Artificial Intelligence
There is every evidence that intelligence can be embodied materially. Our intelligence and mind comes from matter. We know the rules that govern matter sufficiently well. We can even build and represent complex systems inside computers.